Links to optics-related applets, tutorials and web sites of interest.

NOTE: Some applets no longer work with the most recent Java. If possible, try running on an earlier version. In some cases, I've found alternate applets that are similar and that will run on most browsers (I use Chrome, Safari and Firefox).

If you find a link that doesn't work, please email me. If you find a link that should be here, let me know that as well. This list was last updated 1/09.

General Optics Tutorials and Classroom Demonstrations

Absorption and Emission of Light

Introduction to Waves and Wave Behavior

Electromagnetic Waves and Wave Properties of Light

Reflection/Refraction

Lens and mirror tutorials and applets

Laser and Laser Safety

Applications of Optics in Communications (Fiber Optics), Manufacturing, Medicine (including the eye) and More

Atmospheric Optics - Rainbows, Sundogs, More

Sites with lists of optics links (like this one)

Optics Education, Projects and Career Related Links

Societies, Organizations and Online Magazines

A few more really neat physics related sites

RETURN TO NEBHE PHOTON2 WEB SITE

RETURN TO THREE RIVERS LASER AND FIBER OPTIC TECHNOLOGY HOME PAGE

GENERAL OPTICS TUTORIALS

http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/optics/index.html This site contains a huge collection of tutorials and applets covering most of an introductory optics course. This is a good "first stop" on a web tour of optics. Some excerpts from this site are in the listing below.

http://www.chem.vt.edu/chem-ed/optics/optics.html This is an optics tutorial for chemistry students. Definition of many terms included.

http://thierry.baudart.waika9.com/unifocal/doc/eye.htm optics tutorial with an ophthalmic slant, including how corrective lenses work

http://physics.nist.gov/Pubs/TN1421/contents.html NIST document on the system of measurement for radiometry, photometry and pyrometry

http://homepage.mac.com/cbakken/obookshelf/ Basic overview of geometric optics, including telescopes, microscopes and cameras written by a retired high school teacher

http://www.ultrafasttechnology.com/books_manuals_detail.php?id=0 A lab manual using helium-neon lasers

CLASSROOM DEMONSTRATIONS

http://sprott.physics.wisc.edu/demobook/chapter6.htm great classroom demonstrations, including the "floating talking head"

http://www.arborsci.com/CoolStuff/Archives.htm The Arbor Scientific "Cool Stuff" newsletter has quick and easy demos, many of optical effects

 

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ABSORPTION AND EMISSION OF LIGHT

http://zebu.uoregon.edu/nsf/emit.html shows wavelength dependence on energy level change

http://physics.gac.edu/~chuck/PRENHALL/Chapter%2031/AABXTEI0.html emission from a Bohr atom

http://www.colorado.edu/physics/2000/quantumzone/schroedinger.html shows the difference between "orbits" and electron probability clouds. The applet may not work on all computers?

http://webphysics.davidson.edu/alumni/MiLee/java/bb_mjl.htm black body radiation curve. change the temperature and view the curve and color.

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/hyde.html Bohr atom, hydrogen energy levels and the hydrogen spectrum, including "complications" such as the Lamb shift and hyperfine structure

 

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INTRODUCTION TO WAVES and WAVE BEHAVIOR

http://id.mind.net/~zona/mstm/physics/waves/introduction/introductionWaves.html wave characteristics: amplitude, wavelength, phase

http://id.mind.net/~zona/mstm/physics/waves/partsOfAWave/waveParts.htm#frequency wave characteristics- frequency and phase

http://www.colorado.edu/physics/2000/applets/fourier.html applet illustrating addition of waves

http://mysite.verizon.net/vzeoacw1/wave_interference.html draw waves and let them interfere (may need Shockwave plug in)

http://www.kettering.edu/~drussell/Demos/reflect/reflect.html animations of wave reflection from boundaries

http://lectureonline.cl.msu.edu/~mmp/applist/doppler/d.htm Control a moving source as it emits waves and explore the Doppler effect

http://www.colorado.edu/physics/2000/applets/doppler.html The same type of demo as the Dopper applet above- but the source is a police care siren. I especially like the police car speeding along in reverse!

 

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ELECTROMAGETIC WAVES

http://www.walter-fendt.de/ph14e/emwave.htm electromagnetic wave animation

http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/electromagnetic/index.html play with an electromagnetic wave, and see it from several angles

http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/wavebasics/index.html Change the frequency and see what happens to the wavelength

WAVE PROPERTIES OF LIGHT

http://www.ub.es/javaoptics/index-en.html Spatial coherence. Click on the Young's double slit applet. Use a single point source, two point sources or an extended light source and see how the fringe pattern contrast changes as the spatial coherence of the source changes.

http://vsg.quasihome.com/interfer.htm Young's two slit experiment applet

http://www.physics.uq.edu.au/people/mcintyre/applets/grating/grating.html Change the number of slits, width, separation and two different wavelengths

http://www.physics.uq.edu.au/people/mcintyre/php/laboratories/index.php?e=15  excellent Michelson interferometer applet with gas cell for measuring index of refraction

http://lectureonline.cl.msu.edu/~mmp/kap27/Gary-TwoSlit/app.htm  Double slit with single slit envelope. Links below applet allow double slit and single slit to be examined separately

http://lectureonline.cl.msu.edu/~mmp/kap24/polarizers/Polarizer.htm Vary the angles of 1 to 3 polarizers

http://fipsgold.physik.uni-kl.de/software/java/polarisation/index.html Polarization components with adjustable phase between x and y. Good demonstration of circular polarization.

http://www.amanogawa.com/archive/Polarization/Polarization-2.html Adjust x and y amplitude and phase to vary the polarization state

http://webphysics.davidson.edu/physlet_resources/bu_semester2/c26_reflections.html Wave reflection from fixed and free ends

http://webphysics.davidson.edu/physlet_resources/bu_semester2/c26_thinfilm.html Fantastic applet- light reflection from the film surfaces is seen in slow motion so change of phase on reflection and path length difference can be observed.

http://mysite.verizon.net/vzeoacw1/thinfilm.html Thin film applet, illustrating AR coatings (may need Shockwave plug in)

http://sharp.bu.edu/~slehar/fourier/fourier.html An "intuitive" explanation of the optical Fourier transform

 

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REFLECTION/REFRACTION

http://stwww.weizmann.ac.il/Lasers/laserweb/Java/Twoangles2.htm This applet lets you observe total internal reflection)

http://www.walter-fendt.de/ph14e/huygenspr.htm Reflection and refraction by Huygen's principle

http://www.aug.edu/~chmtmc/ntnujava/Fermat/Fermat.html Reflection and refraction by Fermat's principle

http://www.physics.uoguelph.ca/applets/Intro_physics/refraction/LightRefract.html  Shows the change of wavelength in the second medium

http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/java/fishEye/fishEye.html What your pet fish sees looking out of the tank

http://stwww.weizmann.ac.il/Lasers/laserweb/Java/Twoangles2.htm This applet lets you observe total internal reflection, as well as observe Snell's law

http://people.deas.harvard.edu/~jones/cscie129/applets/optics/java/totintrefl/index.html Total internal reflection- a flashlight at the bottom of a lake.

http://www.phys.ksu.edu/perg/vqm/laserweb/Java/snell/Snellgamee.htm The "Snell Game"- shoot a target through a refracting medium

(For applets on rainbows see the "atmospheric optics" category.)

 

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LENS AND MIRROR TUTORIALS AND APPLETS

http://www.lasertechonline.org/applet/optics_bench.html This is my own really, really large version of the Davidson U (Physlet) optics bench applet. Seems to work only on older browsers

http://www.netzmedien.de/opticalbench/index.htmlThis version works as of 12/12

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/HFrame.html I wondered how my students did those front vertex, back vertex and equivalent power calculations so quickly! For two lenses or one thick lens.

http://www.opticalres.com/gentle95.html an overview of lens design from an industry source

http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/java/thickLens/thickLens.html Thick lens Java applet. Change from "thin" to "thick" lens and watch rays traverse the lens

http://www.cbu.edu/~jvarrian/applets/lens3/thickl_z.htm Here's an applet for a "thick" lens that illustrates spherical aberration. Note that the amount of aberration depends on the orientation of the lens.

http://www-optics.unine.ch/education/optics_tutorials/plano_convex_lens_aberration.html "Right" and "wrong" ways to insert a plano convex lens into a system to reduce spherical aberration

 

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LASER TUTORIALS AND APPLETS

http://www.phys.ksu.edu/perg/vqm/laserweb/ The "Laser Adventure " by Rami Arieli. A complete laser tutorial with many applets and examples.

http://webphysics.davidson.edu/students/adabele/laserlab/results.htm Not a tutorial, but a student lab report with excellent photos of TEM modes.

http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/lightandcolor/laserhome.html Everything from stimulated emission and cavity modes to modelocked lasers and how a cd works.

http://www.laserfaq.org/sam/lasersam.htm Sam's laser FAQ- everything you could ask about all kinds of lasers, including how to build them in your "home lab"

http://www.thetech.org/exhibits/online/lasers/overview.html Very flashy and colorful online laser exhibit with physics and applications from TheTech Museum of Innovation in San Jose, CA

http://www.iiviinfrared.com/ Information on CO2 laser optic materials and design

http://www.kenteklaserstore.com/custom.aspx?id=9 "laser helpers"- formulas and graphs to illustrate common laser application issues

LASER SAFETY

http://www.safety.vanderbilt.edu/training/flash/laser/player.html Excellent laser safety tutorial from Vanderbilt University

http://ehs.unc.edu/training/self_study/laser/ UNC laser safety tutorial

http://www.laserinstitute.org The Laser Institute of America - publications and training

http://www.rli.com/ Rockwell Laser Industries, laser safety consultants. Includes a data base of laser accidents and a forum for discussing laser safety issues

http://www.eyesafety.4ursafety.com/laser-eye-safety.html Eye safety, including terms and OSHA regulations

 

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FIBER OPTICS/LIGHTWAVE COMMUNICATIONS

http://www.vislab.uq.edu.au/photonics/ "Australian Photonics CRC and Sydney VisLab maintain this information server to provide easily-accessible, up-to-date information for senior high school students."

http://www.jdsu.com/site/primer/launch.html "Anatomy of an International Phone Call" - includes fiber, networks, components as you follow the path of a long distance phone call

http://www.corning.com/opticalfiber/library/fiber_101/index.aspx Corning Optical Fiber Discovery Center "Fiber 101"

http://www.jimhayes.com/lennielw/ Lennie Lightwave's Guide to Fiber- a technicians guide to fiber theory, test and installation

http://integranetworks.net/2012/05/operating-temperatures-for-fiber-optic-devices/ Operating temperatures for fiber optic devices

MORE OPTICS APPLICATIONS

http://lasiksurgerycost.net/all-about-the-eye A study guide for kids about the human eye - parts of the eye, problems of the eye, glasses for vision correction, learning eye safety to prevent injury, and a list of additional links

http://latissecoupon.com/guide-eye-anatom Check out the great links at the bottom of this page for more information on the structure and workings of the eye

http://www.ligo.caltech.edu/ The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO). At the bottom left of the page is a link to a terrific video describing the search for graviationals waves

http://www.dpbsmith.com/prescription/ what the numbers in an eyeglass prescription mean

http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/ The SOHO (Solar & Heliospheric Observatory) project- beautiful solar images, good spectroscopy application

http://photomachining.com Photos and examples of laser micro-machining

http://www.columbia.edu/cu/mechanical/mrl/ntm/pgIndex.html A complete course on laser materials processing.

http://www.inphase-technologies.com/technology/default.asp?subn=2_1 A tutorial on holographic data storage

http://www.holoworld.com A resource for making holograms, including laser pointer holography and making holograms from photographs

http://www.holokits.com Tutorials and articles about holography, plus an online store for plates and chemicals.

 

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ATMOSPHERIC OPTICS

http://mysite.verizon.net/vzeoacw1/rainbow.html Formation of a rainbow- applet on refraction by a spherical water droplet

http://mintaka.sdsu.edu/GF/ A page about the green flash (atmospheric, not superhero)

http://www.atoptics.co.uk/ Beautiful photos and explanations of atmospheric optical phenomena

http://www.weather-photography.com/index.php Photos of weather (lots of lightning), ice and frost, astronomy and more, as well as atmospheric optics.

http://www.allthesky.com Digital images of the sky- and everything that's in it.

 

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SITES WITH LISTS OF OPTICS LINKS

http://www.ee.buffalo.edu/faculty/cartwright/java_applets/links.html Photonics tools- Comprehensive list of optics education resources including societies, companies, applets, etc Many applets on advanced topics (click on items at the left of the page)

http://pdg.lbl.gov/~aerzber/aps_waves.html American Physical Society compendium of optics, waves and sound links- very complete

http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/lightandcolor/java.html list of all the Java applets available at the FSU microscopy site

http://www.learningincontext.com/PiC-Web/chapt10.htm huge list of links to optics and laser tutorials and applets

http://www.phys.ufl.edu/~phy3054/ This is a set of applets to accompany a physics II course at the University of Florida

 

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OPTICS EDUCATION WEB SITES, PROJECTS and CAREER INFORMATION

http://www.nebhe.org/content/view/248/190/ The PHOTON projects, professional development in optics/photonics; curriculum materials for teaching

http://www.opticsforkids.org/ Fantastic site with resources for students and teachers- including an "ask an expert" feature

http://www.bu.edu/smec/lite/ NSF supported Project Lite, with information on color and perception and spectroscopy

http://webtop.msstate.edu/ A treasury of applets and quicktime movies.

http://www.ub.es/javaoptics/index-en.html Wonderful downloadable applets from the University of Barcelona Java optics course in physical optics

http://www.qcc.cuny.edu/physics/lfot/LFOT_FAQs.asp FAQs on optics/photonics as a career from Queensborough Community College

http://www.opticseducation.org/ Worldwide directory of optics education programs

 

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SOCIETIES, ORGANIZATIONS AND ONLINE MAGAZINES

http://www.spie.org SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering

http://www.osa.org the Optical Society of America

http://www.deps.org/ Directed Energy Professional Society. Directed Energy (DE) technology for national defense and civil applications. Includes company and employment links.

http://www.ico-optics.org/ International Commission for Optics

http://www.nefc.com The New England Fiber Optic Council

http://www.photonics.com Lauren publishers monthly magazine Photonics Spectra, with links to a manufacturer directory and dictionary of terms

http://www.optics.org Online optics resources, news, events, jobs. Sign up for email optics news headlines.

Photonics News Updates - Pennwell Press monthly magazine Laser Focus World

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A FEW REALLY COOL PHYSICS SITES

http://www.its.caltech.edu/~atomic/snowcrystals/ Not entirely optics, but a beautiful site devoted to snow crystals

http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/ir_tutorial/ Cool cosmos- fantastic IR photos of everyday items, plus other educational resources from the Spitzer telescope site.

http://www.vega.org.uk/video/subseries/8 Four Richard Feynman lectures in streaming video format

http://www.exploratorium.edu/iron_science/ San Francisco Exporatorium- Iron Science Teacher. Archives of past battles pitting science teacher against science teacher

http://science.nasa.gov/ Space-related news, lots of interesting (and some weird) articles and photos from NASA archives

http://www.colorado.edu/UCB/AcademicAffairs/ArtsSciences/physics/PhysicsInitiative/Physics2000/applets/ a collection of Physics2000 applets, without the explanatory text. Some of these applets have not yet been incorporated into the site. Collection includes several technology applets (nodes in a microwave oven, television tubes, etc)

http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/xte/outreach/HEG/groovie.html High Energy Groovy Movie: x-ray astronomy as you've never seen- or heard- it. This is a large file that takes a while to download. Includes lesson plan.

http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/brainbite/ short videos to answer important questions about spaceflight (like how do you go to the bathroom in a space suit?)

http://www.globalspec.com/trebuchet/ Trebuchet, the sport of engineers. Can you make the high score list?

http://www.yorku.ca/eye/ Not physics, entirely, but a complete online textbook, The Joy of Visual Perception

http://www.astrocappella.com/IYA/ Astronomy set to a capella music

 

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